The role of women today is indisputable. Your contribution to a more egalitarian and free society is key in the formation of a just humanity and that it seeks the best opportunities for all the human beings that inhabit the Earth. It is sad to see that there are still places where women’s guarantees are not respected.
It is even sadder to see that even in our country, women live in conditions other than men. The insecurity for them is greater, the harassment in the streets is daily and if that was not enough, the feminicide rate is on the rise.
How to achieve a society in which the role of women in society is increasingly respected?
The first thing that has to be left behind is the idea that women are only responsible for housework and mothers of children. Women are much more than that. They are workers and contribute to the economic development of the countries in which they have integrated into the labor market. Women can and do manage.
Therefore, on International Women’s Day the essential thing is not to congratulate your friends, of course it is valid, but the ideal would be that together they begin to recognize their rights and ensure respect for them. At least in the role that the law demands, women in Mexico have their rights guaranteed.
History tells us that this day came about because, in 1857, the workers of the “Cotton” textile factory in New York, United States, went on strike demanding a more fair workday and wages. When the police appeared to confront them, he displayed force and imposition, striking and killing several of them.
As if that were not enough, the owner of the factory decided to confine the women who remained alive and set fire to the premises, all of them burned to death. This hate crime was the reason why years later this day was established for the recognition of women not only in their work role, but in the formation of democratic societies.
Although, since years ago, women have been involved in the workplace, this participation has not been recognized as such. The conquest of rights until now has been little by little and at least in Mexico the right to vote is already a fact, or the right to paid work as well. However, there are still some conquests to be made.
In our country, the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and the Federal Labor Law govern the principles of labor coexistence for men and women. The employers must know that ignorance of these conditions does not release their compliance, and therefore they must ensure at all times to comply with the provisions of current legislation.
Women’s labor rights
According to Dr. Patricia Kurczyn Villalobos, “the rights of working women are the legal norms focused on the protection of their health, education, dignity and development, as well as the protection of motherhood in relation to the woman herself and the product of the same”.
These rights must be protected by different rules depending on whether they are working relationships between individuals, an individual or a government agency. As we have already indicated, the Constitution establishes the right to equality, and derived from it, are the rights of working women.
However, any social guarantee must protect and protect the rights of working women who enjoy rights of their own sex based on factors such as equality of working conditions, and salary but also in correspondence with motherhood, responsibilities on the Parenting and family care.
Currently, it is promoted that family responsibilities should be shared by men and women so that parents also have the right to have a license to take care of a sick child, and in this way take part in the family.
It is important to highlight that the labor rights that women currently enjoy are not a privilege as has been thought. The defense of equal rights does not imply the creation of privileges for a given group, in fact, the differences in treatment that are stipulated for women in some cases are intended to protect them.
For example, women have the right to protect motherhood as a biological process and that is why they can have a work permit when they are about to have their child. The rights to care for maternity would not be privileges but a defense of the reproduction function of the human being.
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women of the United Nations established a document in 1981 stipulating that all forms of discrimination will be considered violence against women. Mexico participated as a signatory to this document, which is why it must abide by the following principles:
- Women should have the same rights as men with respect to opportunities, career choice, employment, safety, benefits and job training.
- The right to equal remuneration and treatment for the work they perform, and compensation equal to that of a man.
- The right to protection of health at work, as well as the safeguarding of reproductive rights.
- Discrimination around pregnancy, maternity leave, and marital status is prohibited.
- In addition, they are entitled to basic benefits such as childcare for their children, social services that allow combining family life with work, and participation in public life.
Our country is also a signatory of the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women of 1998. This document establishes, in Article 4 that “every woman has the right to the recognition, enjoyment, exercise and protection of all human rights and the freedoms enshrined in regional and international instruments on human rights. “
In this way women have the right to have their lives, freedom, personal safety, equal protection before the law, freedom of association, a life free of violence, and freedom from all forms of discrimination respected.
The most important thing as a woman is that you know that you have the right to be valued and educated free of stereotyped patterns of behavior and social and cultural practices based on concepts of inferiority and subordination.
The rights of women are extensive to all social areas. In Mexico, we have institutions such as the National Institute for Women that helps you guarantee your rights and instruments such as the General Law of Equality between Women and Men (LGIMH) which establishes the obligation of the authorities to guarantee the principle of substantive equality between women and men in the field of employment.
The General Law on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence (LGAMVLV) that establishes the prohibition of workplace violence constituted by the illegal refusal to hire the victim or respect their permanence or general working conditions; the disqualification of the work done, threats, intimidation, humiliation, exploitation, the impediment to women from carrying out the breastfeeding period provided for in the law, and all types of discrimination based on gender, as well as harassment and sexual harassment.
The Federal Labor Law (LFT) which establishes the guidelines to promote inclusion and substantive equality in Mexico. And finally, the Federal Law to Prevent and Eliminate Discrimination (LFPED), which is harmonized with human rights contained in international treaties ratified by the Mexican State, establishing that any discrimination based on ethnic or national origin, gender, age is prohibited , disability, social and health condition, religion, opinions, sexual preferences, marital status or any other that violates human dignity and has the purpose of nullifying or diminishing the rights and freedoms of the people.
All these instruments are the guarantee of your rights. Know them and make them count when it is the case. Never allow yourself to be discriminated against or raped for being a woman, and if that happens, denounce it, tell it to your loved ones and learn to transmit the message of equality among your acquaintances.